To successfully grow strawberries, there are a few things to know: what variety and variety to choose, the right growing conditions, how to rejuvenate a bed, and how to protect these juicy fruits from the creatures.
There are three types of strawberries: June camps (which often ripen here in July), eternal and day-neutral. June carriers give the biggest and most delicious fruits, but only for a week or two. The June varieties that are well suited to our region include Guardian, Kent, Honeoye, Redchief, Delite and Jewel.
Everbearers usually produce a large early crop and a small late harvest with a few berries in between. Hardy varieties include “Ogallala”, “Fort Laramie” and “Ozark Beauty”. Day-neutral products like Tribute, Tristar and Fern produce during the growing season. The last two produce fewer berries than June carriers. Some gardeners plant all three species to spread the season. Choose from all varieties of varieties that are free of insects and diseases.
Strawberries need full sun for at least eight hours a day, so a south-facing area will work well. They are best in a bed without competition to the roots of other plants that you do not want to cultivate each year. The ideal soil is a sandy clay soil with good drainage and high amounts of organic material.
Plant June bearers in a matted row system in which the plants are 2 feet apart in 4 foot rows. Then let the runner fill each row. Leave an 18-inch path between the rows by removing the runners from the path or moving them to the appropriate row. Plant the ever-sustaining or neutral species at a distance of three meters and 1 foot apart. Keep 3 feet between each set of three rows. Remove all runners as they develop. Remove the first flowers on the plants in a matted row system twice and once on the hill system. This will encourage stronger plants that bear more fruit.
In general, a strawberry bed should be kept for three years. Remove it if it no longer supports in the case. In the matted row system, take the healthy, rooted runners and plant them in a new bed at the end of August. In the hill system, you might want to start with new assets elsewhere.
Covering fruits with row covers helps to keep the birds away. You must be creative with fencing to keep ground squirrels out.